Spotting is light bleeding that occurs between the periods. Some women may experience spotting during ovulation that can occur because of hormonal changes. If this bleeding is not heavy and prolonged, it can be considered normal.
However, spotting can be a sign of a certain underlying disease or infection. To stay on the safe side, it is better to visit your gynecologist for diagnosis and treatment if needed. In this article, we have gathered six alarming causes of spotting you shouldn't ignore.1. Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that develop in the uterus. In most cases, they occur and grow asymptomatically and many women don't know that they have fibroids. However, they can manifest themselves by spotting and pelvic pain, especially after sex.
When fibroids grow quite large, they can cause lower back pain, pelvic pressure, light bleeding, and fertility issues. If you were diagnosed with this condition, you can ask your gynecologist how to treat fibroids that bleed. You can also use some home remedies to enhance the positive effect of treatment.2. Uterine polyps
Uterine polyps are growths that can develop in the uterus and cervix. They are often confused with fibroids since both these conditions occur in the uterus and may have similar symptoms. However, polyps can turn cancerous and it is better to treat them right after the diagnosis. Your gynecologist can remove them during the regular pelvic exam.3. Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is a quite dangerous condition that is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Cervical cells start to change and grow under the influence of this virus. This condition can develop without any symptoms for a long period of time. When the cervical damage becomes significant, a woman with cervical cancer can experience spotting and pain during and after sex.
It is important to understand that cervical cancer requires immediate medical attention and treatment since it can spread to other organs. That's why regular gynecological check-ups and Pap smears are essential. These tests can help prevent the development and aggravation of cervical cancer.4. Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a condition in which the inner uterine lining spreads outside the uterus and covers pelvic organs. This can result in severe pain, spotting, heavy periods, severe cramps, and even fertility problems. Even though endometriosis can't be completely cured, various treatment options can help ease its symptoms and improve your well-being.5. Sexually transmitted infections
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that can be passed between sexual partners during unprotected sex. In some cases, STIs can develop in a person without any obvious signs. However, they can cause the following symptoms:
It is essential to start STIs treatment as soon as possible since untreated infection can lead to pelvic inflammatory diseases. This condition can cause severe symptoms and even lead to infertility. In addition, all of your sex partners should be treated at the same time as you to avoid re-infection.6. Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that is caused by hormonal imbalance. Women with PCOS usually experience spotting, irregular periods, acne, hirsutism, and fertility issues. Unfortunately, there is no cure for PCOS but there are treatment options that can manage your symptoms and improve your condition.The bottom line
Even though spotting may seem an insignificant symptom, it can manifest severe and even life-threatening conditions. It is important to pay sufficient attention to your health and note even the slightest changes in your well-being. Don't forget to visit the gynecologist regularly and follow all the doctor's recommendations.